PDF A goal question metric based approach for efficient measurement framework definition

You selected from multiple scholarly research resources. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Measurement also helps, during the course of a project, to assess its progress, to take corrective action based on this assessment, and to evaluate the impact of such action. This article is being improved by another user right now.

definition of goal question metric

By contrast, GQM questions are intended to be a fairly complete inquiry into the Goal. Because of their completeness, GQM’s questions help you stay focused on what matters. GQM’s approach is to ask wide-ranging questions about a Goal. This makes it more holistic and complete than OKRs or at least, a way to select higher impact Key Results. Metrics are an extension over quality measures because they explicitly include subjective and objective measures.

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A measurement approach based on Goal Question Metric paradigm for this purpose is being proposed herein and calls for further extensive research oriented studies, by all concerned, for perfection of details of the proposed approach. “Improve Company Website” Goal and QuestionsEach of these questions should be constructed to accommodate a numeric or Yes/No value. As with OKR’s Key Results, GQM’s Questions must be converted into feasible targets. This can be done by taking baseline measurements for each question, which you will then seek to improve. This chapter gives an overview over the Goal-Question-Metric approach, a way to derive and select metrics for a particular task in a top-down and goal-oriented fashion.

When undertaking an Agile transformation, there is a need to collect data to demonstrate progress and show improvement, but where does one even start? Common Agile metrics approaches do well at measuring team velocity and throughput but can sometimes overlook the requirements of executive sponsors, product management, and other key stakeholders. This problem is often rooted in a lack of understanding about what business goals are driving decision making throughout the organization and what questions we should be answering with the metrics we collect.

Validation of a generic GQM based measurement framework for software projects from industry practitioners

Not necessarily missing from McCall’s model but not explicitly called out either. Questions aided by goal coordinates motivate quality criterion what is goal question metric that connect goals to metrics. I don’t differentiate between the current notion of software architecture quality attributes and quality factors.

  • OKR’s Key Results omit many crucial questions that could have been asked, perhaps even critical aspects of the objective.
  • Questions connect the object of measurement to a quality issue.
  • But thorough considerations have to be undertaken to choose the “right” OSS component for a specific business case.
  • You establish goals for an initiative, considering the quality of that initiative from various perspectives and in a variety of contexts.

Then provide a framework for interpreting the data with respect to its goals. With every question added in the scenario, a set of data is used to answer the question in a quantitative manner. The Second Edition of Software Metrics provides an up-to-date, coherent, and rigorous framework for controlling, managing, and predicting software development processes. A model is proposed, named https://www.globalcloudteam.com/ ‗Optimum Measure Set Decision Model ‘, which is an extension of GQM paradigm based on a heuristics approach, which aims to provide the optimum set of measures from a large number of possible measures. This paper examines how a stakeholder driven Goal-Question-Metric measurement framework was derived and empirically validated with a survey from seasoned software professionals.

“If there is no problem, there is no solution, and no reason for a company to exist.” — Vinod Khosla

The “meaningful, audacious, and inspiring” criteria of an OKR Objective can also be applied to a GQM Goal. From here, the two methods diverge — while OKR proceeds to Key Results, GQM has you ask questions. Here, goals create quality factors, an extension of the original concept to explicitly include a wider varienty of objects. I like this framework when its coupled with the quality criteria in McCall’s model. What follows is a brief description of GQM and how I think it complements McCall’s model. In McCall’s Software Quality Model, I discussed a paper tying quality factors to quality criteria.

Questions are derived for object of measurement to define the goal as completely as possible. During which the collected data is processed with respect to the defined metrics into measurement results, that provide answers,to the defined questions, after which goal attainment can be evaluated. The integrated framework produces a software metrics selection process which is more structured, transparent, and directive in choosing a set of relevant metrics that may help the organizations’ measurement program. The goal-question-metric paradigm has been proposed to support the definition of quantifiable goals and the interpretation of collected measurement data. It is a goal-oriented approach to derive metrics from measurement goals to ensure that collected data is usable and serves a purpose.

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The increasing number of high quality open source software components lets industrial organizations seriously consider integrating them into their software solutions for critical business cases. But thorough considerations have to be undertaken to choose the “right” OSS component for a specific business case. OSS components need to fulfill specific functional and non-functional requirements, must fit into a planned architecture, and must comply with context factors in a specific environment. This chapter introduces a prototyping approach to evaluate OSS components. The prototyping approach provides decision makers with context-specific evaluation results and a prototype for demonstration purposes. The approach can be used by industrial organizations to decide on the feasibility of OSS components in their concrete business cases.

The “Goal-Question-Metric” approach is a proven method for driving goal-oriented measures throughout a software organization. With GQM, we start by defining the goals we are trying to achieve, then clarifying the questions we are trying to answer with the data we collect. By mapping business outcomes and goals to data-driven metrics, we can form a holistic picture of the Agile environment and clearly articulate how we are doing across the span of the enterprise. In the recent years it has been experienced that improvement of software qualities are gaining more attention by using Goal Question Metrics methods for business driven organization.

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Goals are developed from policy and strategy, process and product descriptions and viewpoint to develop the measurement. GQM must be applied top-down and focus on goals and models. An organization must identify goals and trace those goals to data intended support to those goals operationally.

definition of goal question metric

Goals are defined for an object that is to be the focus of measurement. A goal is characterized by a purpose, issue and viewpoint . The purpose of the guidebook is to provide an overview of the goal-driven measurement process, and the roles that mental models play in providing insights and focus for the process steps that follow are illustrated. By enhancing GQM with SEMS, the software industry may carry out a G QM-based measurement project more efficiently and effectively and be compared and benchmarked among projects and organizations. An approach for use when a large number of diverse metrics are already being collected by a software organization is developed, and a case study is executed to validate this approach and to assess its usefulness in an industrial environment.

What is the goal question metric (GQM) approach?

The GQM+Strategies approach was developed by Victor Basili and a group of researchers from the Fraunhofer Society. It is based on the Goal Question Metric paradigm and adds the capability to create measurement programs that ensure alignment between business goals and strategies, software-specific goals, and measurement goals. The most common and popular mechanism for goal-oriented software measurement is the Goal Question Metric approach which is presented in this article in combination with examples from GQM application in industry.






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